Yellow Prairie Violet
One of the earliest wildflowers to bloom, yellow prairie violet brightens the grasslands in spring. The yellow flowers have purple veins, and are often reddish-purple on the outside. Its somewhat hairy leaves are lance-shaped.
This writer’s sources contain no specific references to uses of the yellow prairie violet by the First Nations people, but Hungry Wolf reports the Blackfoot used the early blue violet (Viola adunca) as a poultice and as a tea for children with breathing problems. (19)
Kershaw describes the edible and medicinal uses of wild violets. The roots, fruits and seeds are inedible causing stomach and intestinal upset, nervousness and respiratory and circulatory depression, but the stems, leaves and blossoms are edible. They are reported to be rich in vitamin A and vitamin C. Some violets contain salicylic acid. Among other uses, the plants have been used to make medicinal teas for treating bronchitis, asthma, heart palpitation and fevers; gargles and syrups for relieving sore throats and coughs; and poultices, salves or lotions for treating bruises, rashes, boils and eczema. (13)
To be added soon.
Hungry Wolf, Adolf. 1989. Teachings of Nature. Good Medicine Books, BC.
Kershaw, Linda. 2000. Edible and Medicinal Plants of the Rockies. Lone Pine Publishing, AB.